Encyclia orchids – species, care tips, plants for sale
Encyclia is a genus of lovely beautiful orchids from tropical America, closely related to genus Cattleya. Encyclia can cross with Cattleya, Laleia, Epidendrum and other orchids of the Laelinae clade. Encyclia orchids are epiphytes, which grow in forests with dry seasons. They are sympodial orchids with usually spherical or ovoid pseudobulbs and succulent leaves which are a part of adaptation to their native climate – high air humidity with some months completely lack any precipitation. There are about 160 species. Most of the species do not have a big value as decorative plants, but some of them definitely do.
Encyclia’s flowers are lovely and may come in different colors, shapes, many of them are fairly scented, for instance, pink-flowered cultivars of Encyclia cordigera have lovely roses scent, Encyclia fragrans smells like a mix of honey and vanilla, Encyclia osmantha smells like grapes. Some species have unusual-looking
Encyclia orchid care
What’s about Encyclia orchid care? Most Encyclia orchids are suitable for indoor growing and are rather easy to grow, some of them such as Encyclia cochleata are popular houseplants and some of its cultivars (such as “Octopussy”) are rather often sold at local plant shops. Encyclia orchids prefer cool to warm temperatures, some of them prefer warm to hot, but most of them go fairly well with intermediate temperatures. Delicate-leaved
Let’s say a few words about several species specifically. Encyclia mariane is a cool-requiring orchid. This is a dwarf orcid (15 cm in high) but has large blossoms (10 cm across). It blooms in late spring. Flowers come from pseudobulbs of a previous year. This plant needs a deep dormancy period in a winter and limited watering in a summer. Encyclia atropurpurea has pear-like pseudobulbs with narrow leaves. This is rather a warm-requiring orchid. Encyclia citrina should be grown mounted to slabs because of its growth habit. It does well in moderate temperature range although by geographical reasons it is related with “cool” species (in nature it grows in mountains up to 3000 m).